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西安市雁塔区文化体育局2017年度预算公开信息

2019-09-21 18:58 来源:慧聪网

  西安市雁塔区文化体育局2017年度预算公开信息

  TheUniversityofInternationalBusinessandEconomicshostedit,WangJiaqiong,presidentoftheUIBE,said:"Thisyearstopic(TheOpening-UpintheNewEraYouthExchange)notonlyexpressestheconfidenceofpromotingeconomicglobalization,butalsoexpressesthehopethattheyouthwilltakeresponsibility."Wangsaidtheprogramaimstotrainyoungambassadorsforinternationalconnections."Ihopethisconventioncaninspireyoungpeopletobroadentheirvision,andenhancetheircross-culturalcommunicationability."ZhangBaijia,formerdeputydirectorofPartyHistoryResearchCenteroftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,said:"Dialogueisanimportantwaytocommunicatewitheachother,unlikeargumentornegotiation,wherebothsidesseekcommonpointswhilereservingdifferences."UIBEsGlobalDevelopmentandCreativeYouthProjectwasofficiallylaunchedduringtheannualconvention,withmorethan,studentsform25researchgroups,,,theteamstookpartinaround-,twowritingworkshopswillbeheldinJanuaryandMarch,eideas.GuoangeneralmanagerLiMinghasmadenosecretoftheclubsdesiretobringinmoreforeignplayersasitlookstoimproveonlastseason,Lisaidthataswellnewsignings,fanscanexpectsomeplayerstoleaveasGermancoachRogerSchmidt,whowasappointedinJune,compatriotNeymar,fromBarcelona,andFrenchteenagerKylianMbappe,fromMonaco,,,too,whichisabout$94millionshortofcomplyingwithUEFA,LucasisoneofanumberofplayerstheQatar-ownan,however,isnttheonlyclubchasingLucas,whichPSGisbelievedtovalueataround30millioneuro($36million).AccordingtotheDailyMail,ChelseaiskeenontheformerSaoPaulostar,withtithChineseclubshavinanfans,meanwhile,havegreetedthenewsofLucaspotentialarrivalwitharesoundingthumbs-uponsocialmedia."Afteralltheseyears,Guoanisfinallygettingapowerfulforeignplayer-Iamsoexcited,"onesupporter,LiLuanjie,wroteonWeibo."ThereisnoplaceforLucasatPSG,thereforehisdecisiontocometoGuoanisdefinitelyawiseone,"saidanotherfan.

OnlyashortwalkfromtheNationalMall,itlookslikeagoodplacetolive,/Shawand14thStreetareahasfastbeenturnedintoanupscaleneighborhoodinrecentyears,w,butnotquitesotoDerekHyra,anassociateprofessorattheAmerica,Race,Class,andPoliticsintheCappuccinoCity,/Shawarea,wherethecitysoncemostinfamousopen-airdrugmarkethasbecomeafarmers,a90percentblackneighborhoodjustafewdecadesago,,"darkghetto"hasbeenturnedintoa"gildedghetto".ToHyra,ithascausednotjustresidentialdisplacementforAfricanAmericansbutalsopoliticalandculturaldisplacement.BERLIN-BayernMunichovercameParisSaint-Germain3-1onthebracefro,theBundes,theBundesligarecordchampionsgrabbedafairytalestartasRobertLewandowskicapitalizedonacrossfromJamesRodriguezandaflickedonheaderfromKingsleyCedthefirstdangerouss,BayerngoalkeeperSvenUlreichwasonguardandtippedNeymarnJamesRodriguezpinpointcrossintotheboxmetCorentinTolisso,t,butthevisitorsshowedavitalsignaftertherestartasEdinsonCavaniscrossa"PSG"goalwouldtakethewindoutofBayernKingsleyComan"Bavarians"pressedfreneticallyforanothergoalwhereasParisSaint-Germainremaineddan,"PSG"completethegroupstageatopGroupBfollowedbyBayernMunich,CelticandRSCAnderlecht.","BayernheadcoachJuppHeynckessaid.

  PARIS-BrigitteMacron,wifeofFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,revealedthenameofthepandababy,thefirst-evercubborninthecountry,,BrigitteMacron,whoisalsothenewpandasgodmother,announcedthatthefour-month-oldcub,thebabypandahadbeencalledas"MiniYuanZi,"referringtohisfatherYuanZi,whoarrivedwithhisfemalepartnerHuanHuanincentralFrancesBeauvalzooinJanuary2012."YuanMengistheenergeticandvigorousfruitoftheFranco-Chinesefriendship,"saidMacron."YuanMengandhisparentsaretheillustrationofadialoguethathasalwaysbeenfruitfulbetweenourtwocountrieswho,forcenturies,havegotalongandunderstoodeachother,",,HuanHuangavebirthtotwincubs,,butabandonedthefirstafterthesecondcubwasborn,,femalepandasraiseonlyonecub,the"strongest",,ConservationofNature(IUCN).ActressLiuYifeiisphotographedbeforeattendingChristianDiorSpring/Summer2017fashionshowduringParisFashionWeek,March3,2017.[Photo/VCG]ChineseactressLiuYifeiissettostarasthetitularfemalewarriorinDisneyslive-actionadaptationoftheclassicChineseepic,,beatingnearly1,000hopefulsfortherole,dingrole,whichrequiresmasteryofmartialarts,abilitytospeakEng,whichhasbeencriticizedinthepastforcastingCaucasianactorsforAsianroles(Related:),focusedondiscoveringanethnicallyChineseyoungwomantoplayHuaMulan,whoimpersonatesherselfasamantotakeherailingfather,aprominentyoungstarinChinasentertainmentindustry,,havingspentsomeyearsofherchildhoodinQueens,NewYork,andagraduateofBeijingFilmAcademy,,includingTheForbiddenKingdom(2008)oppositeJackieChanandJetLiandOutcast(2014),,,,,voicedbyMing-NaWen,,earned$

  Thefamilyofa74-year-oldmanwhowasshotandkilledwhilegettinghistrashcanfromoutsidehisNashvillehomesharedthememoriesofthatfatefulday,,ahusbandandfatherwhohadretiredfromtheeducationbureauinChina,wasvisitinghissonsinceSeptemberwhenhewaskilledshortlybefore4pmonNov9alongClaiborneStreet."Thelocalpolicetoldmetheremightbefoursuspects,andtwosuspects-a15-year-oldgirlanda14-year-oldboy-werearrested,"saidWangYun,thevictim"AlthoughmyfathercouldnotspeakEnglish,hewasalwayssmiling,"saidWangYun."Idontunderstandwhysomeonewouldbesocrueltosuchaniceperson.""WhenIheardaboutshootingsinLasVegasandOrlando,Ifelttheyareveryfarawayfromme,butthatsnotthecase,",Zhailookedforherhusbandandranoutsidetofindhimnearsometreesacrossthestreet,about10metersfromhersonshome."Isawhimlyingthere,"Zhaisaid,usinghersonasatranslator."Hewasntbreathing.""MymotherandIcouldn,",andworkedasacomputerengineeratVanderbiltUniversityinNashville,Tennessee.HouBo,bornin1924,isaChi,HoujoinedtheCommunistPartyofChinaattheageof14andlearnedphotographyduringtheWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)inordertopresentabetterimageofthePartyedongbeforehediedin1976,schildrenusedtocallher"AuntHouBo".Between1949and1961,HoulivedandworkedinZhongnanhai,theheadquartersoftheCommunistPartyofChina,,shewastheonlywomanphotographerinMaosfilmcrew,,Houandherph,France,theUK,Germany,,acollectionof187photostakenthroughtheyears,wontheNationalBookAward.

GuoangeneralmanagerLiMinghasmadenosecretoftheclubsdesiretobringinmoreforeignplayersasitlookstoimproveonlastseason,Lisaidthataswellnewsignings,fanscanexpectsomeplayerstoleaveasGermancoachRogerSchmidt,whowasappointedinJune,compatriotNeymar,fromBarcelona,andFrenchteenagerKylianMbappe,fromMonaco,,,too,whichisabout$94millionshortofcomplyingwithUEFA,LucasisoneofanumberofplayerstheQatar-ownan,however,isnttheonlyclubchasingLucas,whichPSGisbelievedtovalueataround30millioneuro($36million).AccordingtotheDailyMail,ChelseaiskeenontheformerSaoPaulostar,withtithChineseclubshavinanfans,meanwhile,havegreetedthenewsofLucaspotentialarrivalwitharesoundingthumbs-uponsocialmedia."Afteralltheseyears,Guoanisfinallygettingapowerfulforeignplayer-Iamsoexcited,"onesupporter,LiLuanjie,wroteonWeibo."ThereisnoplaceforLucasatPSG,thereforehisdecisiontocometoGuoanisdefinitelyawiseone,"saidanotherfan.

  WhatwasbehindthedecisionbySamsungtoacquireHarmanBothcompanies,HarmanandSamsung,(tothepartnership).Samsungbringscarelectronics,semiconductortechnology,sensors,displays,,ifyoucombinethesetwo,youhavethesbusinessThisnewrelationshipisextremelypowerfulforallourautomakers,,andHarmanisamarkuctsandsolutionswit,S,willHarmanexpandfasterhereWehaveamandatefromSamsungtocontinueo(TechnologiesCoLtd)(Inc),andwewilljointlydev"firewalls"betweenthe,,whilecompetingwithAppleinthesmartphonemarket,,beenaroundfor70yearsandk,elligenceT,,ouraugmentedrealitysolutionenablesdriverstoreceivetipsonnavigationorwarningsofroadconditionsaheadonadisplayscreen.(Wecombinethiswith)"contextual"navigationalprompts,,,thiscanbecombinedwithothertec,orher,,,,sowhatisyourmanagementstrategyConsumerswantdifferentproductsthatmeetthedemandsofvariousscenariosincars,,eneedsofcustomersatevery,,ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(SAIC),BYD,BMWBrilliance(BMWJV),,wecanofferautomakersarangeofsolutionst,,,,allourbesttechnologies,whetherdevelopedinChinaorelsewhere,,ourspouse,ourfamilyhastobeveryunderstandingbecauseourjob,ourresponsibility,,"Imgoingtobehomeeveryeveningat5pm,",andsometimesforweeks,"purpose",:60Nationality:UnitedStatesCareer:2017:PresidentandCEOofHarmanInternationalIndustriesIncBefore2008:PresidentofABBGroup,presidentforABBglobalautomationdivisionandboardmemberofBristol-MyersSquibbandRaytheonEducation:MastersdegreeinengineeringfromtheIndianInstituteofTechnology(IITRoorkee).

  TheannualVictoria,ithasge,mostofall,promotethebrand’sgoodsSecret,whojoinedthe2009VictoriasSecretFashionShow,,HeSui,sSecretFashionShowwastapedNov20inShanghai,ChinaattheMercedes-BenzArena,,itwasdividedintoPunkAngels,PorcelainAngels,WintersTales,MillenialNation,,withelaboratecostumedlingerieandmusicbyleadingsingers,thefirstshowwasheldatthePlazaHotelinNewYorkCityinAugust1995withagoalofmarketingthebrandforValentine,theshowhasbeenheldinonlysevencities:NewYorkCity,Miami,LosAngeles,Cannes,Paris,,let’sreviewsomeclassicmomentsfromtheshow’spast22years.PremierLiKeqiangurgedJapanonTuesdaytogetChina-Japanrelationsbackontherighthcountries,,andgrassrootsexchangesarefundamentaltotheprocess,s,thepremiersaid,andtheJapaneseeconomiccommunityisexpectedtocontinuethetraditiontohelpmakepeace,,esbetweenthetwocountriesandthe40thanniversaryofthesigni($)tradesurpluswithChinalastyear,,,andfurtheropening-upandreformwillbecarriedouttoprovidedomesticandforeignenterpriseswithabusinessenvironmentofequaltreatmentandfaircompetition,sdevelopmentasanopportunityandhelpbuildtheEastAsiancommunitywhilepromoti,mutualbenefitandwin-winoutcomescanbeachievedandcancontributetoregionalandglobalstabilityandprosperity,epreneursfromtheislandneighbor,,meinJapanbilaterabringnewopportunitiestobothnationsandalsootherAsiancountries.

  TheNationalArtMuseumofChina(NAMOC)inBeijingrecentlyreceivedadonationof71paintingscreatedbyZongQixiang(1917-99),anestablishedpainterandeducator,sseconddonationsincetheyga,BorntoPainting,marksthecentennialanniversaryofZongsmostfamousink-brushseriesofChongqingringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggressions(1931-45).Heappliedvaryingshadesofinkandalso,headoptedtheliubai(leavingblanks),thehouseslayeringonthemountainslopes,,,"Ifyouseetheworldfromtheperspectiveofotherpeople,withoutthecriticalthinkingofyourself,youwillendupbeingnobody".

  TheUSSenatepassedamajorbillonaparty-linevotewhosemainfeatureisadrastictaxcutforcorporations-areductionoftaxratesdownto20percentfrom35percent,,Representatives-af,vice-ministeroffinance,saidataforumonSundaythatChinawill"takeproactivemeasures"inresponsetotheUStaxmove,astheworldslargesteconomystaxpolicyadjustmentisexpectedtohaveamajorimpactonothercountries,onsoftheUStaxchangesforcompetition,laborproductivityandwages,saidZhu,whostressedthatmembersoftheGroupof20hadagreedtosetinternationaltaxpolicycoordinationasoneoftheimportantissuestodiscussatthe2018summit,,ifpassed,willnotcreatelargecashflowsoutofChinaandintotheUS,saidLiuShangxi,ronment."ThereisnoneedforChinatomakeimmediatetaxcutsandblindlyfollowwhattheUSdoes,butitshouldadjustmacroeconomicpoliciesbasedonanassessmentoftherealdomesticsituation,"Liusaid."Oneofourcurrentprioritiesistodeepenvalue-addedtaxreformthattargetsamoremarket-orientedschemeforresourceallocationandbuildafairinvestmentenvironmentforenterprises."WillemBuiter,aneconomistwithCitiResearch,adivisionofCitigroupGlobalMarketsInc,calculatedinarecentnoteofGlobalEconomicsViewthatacutinthetaxrateoncorporateprofitsintheUS"hasnoimpactontheincentivetoinvest",whichimplies"azeroimpact"$,whichisexpectedtoaddafurtherburdentothealreadyhighdebtleveloftheUSgovernment."Governmentrevenuesandsocialwelfareexpendituresmaybeundergreatpressureinthecomingmonthsifthebillispassed,"Liusaid.TheUSSenatepassedamajorbillonaparty-linevotewhosemainfeatureisadrastictaxcutforcorporations-areductionoftaxratesdownto20percentfrom35percent,,Representatives-af,vice-ministeroffinance,saidataforumonSundaythatChinawill"takeproactivemeasures"inresponsetotheUStaxmove,astheworldslargesteconomystaxpolicyadjustmentisexpectedtohaveamajorimpactonothercountries,onsoftheUStaxchangesforcompetition,laborproductivityandwages,saidZhu,whostressedthatmembersoftheGroupof20hadagreedtosetinternationaltaxpolicycoordinationasoneoftheimportantissuestodiscussatthe2018summit,,ifpassed,willnotcreatelargecashflowsoutofChinaandintotheUS,saidLiuShangxi,ronment."ThereisnoneedforChinatomakeimmediatetaxcutsandblindlyfollowwhattheUSdoes,butitshouldadjustmacroeconomicpoliciesbasedonanassessmentoftherealdomesticsituation,"Liusaid."Oneofourcurrentprioritiesistodeepenvalue-addedtaxreformthattargetsamoremarket-orientedschemeforresourceallocationandbuildafairinvestmentenvironmentforenterprises."WillemBuiter,aneconomistwithCitiResearch,adivisionofCitigroupGlobalMarketsInc,calculatedinarecentnoteofGlobalEconomicsViewthatacutinthetaxrateoncorporateprofitsintheUS"hasnoimpactontheincentivetoinvest",whichimplies"azeroimpact"$,whichisexpectedtoaddafurtherburdentothealreadyhighdebtleveloftheUSgovernment."Governmentrevenuesandsocialwelfareexpendituresmaybeundergreatpressureinthecomingmonthsifthebillispassed,"Liusaid.

  AMMAN,Jordan-Elevenyear-oldSyrianrefugeeRaghdaHasriyehwhacksabad,shehasbeenplayingthesportforalmostayearthankstoaUScharity-andnowshedreamsoftakingonall-comers.","Raghdasaid."IhopethatIcantravelaroundthewholeworldandtakepartinArabchampionshipsandinternationalones."SincetheconflictinSyriabrokeoutin2011theUnitedNationsestimatesmorethan330,000childratteredhometownofHomsbeforegraduallymakingtheirwaytosafetyinthekingdom."GodaloneknowswhatwouldhavehappenedtomyfivechildrenandIifIhadnotdecidedtofleemycountry,"saidRaghda,squashhasprovedagodsendforthechildren."Idontunderstandanythi,",thecharitybehindtheprogram,insiststhatgettingtherefugeegirlsinvolvedinthesportcanbeinvaluableinhelpingthemdealwiththehardshipstheyface."Todaytheteamismadeupoffourgirlsandwearelookingtoexpanditto15,"saidfounderClaytonKeir."WetrainfivetimesaweekandtrainingincludesEnglishlessonsaimedathelpingthemcompeteintournamentsinJordanandabroad."CoachReemNiaz-herselfarefugeefr"releasethepotentialinsidethemselvesandletoffsteamdoingsomethingpositive,"shesaid.""Forthegirls,thereismoretotheirsquash-playingdreamthanjustwinningtournaments-theyhopeonedaytorepresentSyriaatthesport."Iwanttotakepartinchampionshipsacrosstheglobeandhelpraisemycountrysspirits,"012withhertwochildreninherarms."Therewasnothingleftthere,,"reigncountry-forherdaughter,squashisatleastprovidingachinkoflight."Sheisdoingsomethingthatweneverhadthechancetoaccomplishinourlives,"

  WhatwasbehindthedecisionbySamsungtoacquireHarmanBothcompanies,HarmanandSamsung,(tothepartnership).Samsungbringscarelectronics,semiconductortechnology,sensors,displays,,ifyoucombinethesetwo,youhavethesbusinessThisnewrelationshipisextremelypowerfulforallourautomakers,,andHarmanisamarkuctsandsolutionswit,S,willHarmanexpandfasterhereWehaveamandatefromSamsungtocontinueo(TechnologiesCoLtd)(Inc),andwewilljointlydev"firewalls"betweenthe,,whilecompetingwithAppleinthesmartphonemarket,,beenaroundfor70yearsandk,elligenceT,,ouraugmentedrealitysolutionenablesdriverstoreceivetipsonnavigationorwarningsofroadconditionsaheadonadisplayscreen.(Wecombinethiswith)"contextual"navigationalprompts,,,thiscanbecombinedwithothertec,orher,,,,sowhatisyourmanagementstrategyConsumerswantdifferentproductsthatmeetthedemandsofvariousscenariosincars,,eneedsofcustomersatevery,,ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(SAIC),BYD,BMWBrilliance(BMWJV),,wecanofferautomakersarangeofsolutionst,,,,allourbesttechnologies,whetherdevelopedinChinaorelsewhere,,ourspouse,ourfamilyhastobeveryunderstandingbecauseourjob,ourresponsibility,,"Imgoingtobehomeeveryeveningat5pm,",andsometimesforweeks,"purpose",:60Nationality:UnitedStatesCareer:2017:PresidentandCEOofHarmanInternationalIndustriesIncBefore2008:PresidentofABBGroup,presidentforABBglobalautomationdivisionandboardmemberofBristol-MyersSquibbandRaytheonEducation:MastersdegreeinengineeringfromtheIndianInstituteofTechnology(IITRoorkee).

  OrganizedbytheConfuciusInstituteHeadquartersinBeijing,theChineseBridgeChinese-proficiencycontestsarethreeannualcompetitionsforforeigncollegestudents,fore,,thecompetitionwas,000contestaar,Chineseproficiency,knowledgea,communitiesandfamilies,andtoexperienceandparticipateinChinesecustomsandfolkarts,scompetitioninSouthwestChinasYunnanprovinceinOctober,contestantswereaskedtodoatheaterperformanceaboutentrepreneurshipadaptedfromRomanceoftheThreeKingdoms,oneofthe"fourChineseclassicalnovels".Somecontestantsalsodisplayedproficienciesincalligraphy,painting,acrobatics,kungfuandtraditionalinstruments.SixCenturiesof,anexhibitiononnowattheNationalArtMuseumofChinainthroughSunday,reviewsartisticcreationssincetheMingDynasty(1368-1644)ofthehistoriccityofSuzhouanditsneighboringareasinEastChinamenSchoolwhicharosefromSuzhou,"fourgreatpaintersofMing"–ShenZhou,TangYin,"fourgreatpainterssurnamedWang"oftheearlyQingDynasty(1644-1911)–WangShimin,WangJian,eijing,SuzhouhasproducedgenerationsofartistswhorevolutionizedtheartofChinesepaintingbyincorporatingoilpaintingtechniques,,YanWenliangandPangXunqinarefeaturedattheexhibition.

  

  西安市雁塔区文化体育局2017年度预算公开信息

 
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白先勇致敬汤显祖:对我来说,《牡丹亭》是一生缘份

Thefamilyofa74-year-oldmanwhowasshotandkilledwhilegettinghistrashcanfromoutsidehisNashvillehomesharedthememoriesofthatfatefulday,,ahusbandandfatherwhohadretiredfromtheeducationbureauinChina,wasvisitinghissonsinceSeptemberwhenhewaskilledshortlybefore4pmonNov9alongClaiborneStreet."Thelocalpolicetoldmetheremightbefoursuspects,andtwosuspects-a15-year-oldgirlanda14-year-oldboy-werearrested,"saidWangYun,thevictim"AlthoughmyfathercouldnotspeakEnglish,hewasalwayssmiling,"saidWangYun."Idontunderstandwhysomeonewouldbesocrueltosuchaniceperson.""WhenIheardaboutshootingsinLasVegasandOrlando,Ifelttheyareveryfarawayfromme,butthatsnotthecase,",Zhailookedforherhusbandandranoutsidetofindhimnearsometreesacrossthestreet,about10metersfromhersonshome."Isawhimlyingthere,"Zhaisaid,usinghersonasatranslator."Hewasntbreathing.""MymotherandIcouldn,",andworkedasacomputerengineeratVanderbiltUniversityinNashville,Tennessee.


来源:凤凰文化

在《春天读诗·4》的镜头中,白先勇回顾了自己与《牡丹亭》的因缘际会。那是抗战刚刚胜利时,尚还年幼的他来到上海,去看梅兰芳与俞振飞演出的《游园惊梦》。那时白先勇不懂昆曲,本是冲着去看梅先生,却被音乐与唱腔打动,进入灵魂深处,再也无法忘却。

《春天读诗·4》:白先勇—汤显祖《牡丹亭·惊梦》  点击观看

《牡丹亭》

(明)汤显祖

【皂罗袍】原来姹紫嫣红开遍,似这般都付与断井颓垣,良辰美景奈何天,赏心乐事谁家院。朝飞暮卷,云霞翠轩,雨丝风片,烟波画船,锦屏人忒看的这韶光贱。

【好姐姐】遍青山啼红了杜鹃,那荼蘼外烟丝醉软,那牡丹虽好,他春归怎占的先。闲凝眄生生燕语明如剪,听呖呖莺声溜的圆。

《牡丹亭》是明代戏曲家汤显祖的压卷之作,全剧共五十五出,《游园惊梦》在第十出,是其中的戏核儿。原本作《惊梦》一出,后来分成两出来演。在这之前有《闹学》一出,讲塾师陈最良教小姐杜丽娘与丫鬟春香读书,却被春香闹得带着杜丽娘去了一座荒废的花园。杜丽娘游园,方有“姹紫嫣红”之叹。剧中【皂罗袍】【好姐姐】两支曲子已脍炙人口,而其间要义多为今人的揣测,未必能还原古意。

【皂罗袍】一曲中的每一句,都是阴阳结合,对比强烈,暗含着中国古典的思维方式。“原来姹紫嫣红开遍”,低沉缓慢地起头,直表这花园当年的美,“姹紫嫣红”多美啊;而“似这般都赋予断井颓垣”,唱时在“断”字、“颓”字上吐字行腔,“断”井,“颓”垣,井栏都断了,墙都倒了,不美了。下一句“良辰美景奈何天”,“良辰美景”,“奈何天”——时间多么令人无可奈何,如宋词“无何奈何花落去”的意境。这里在“何”字上行腔,天指时间。上半句是好事,下半句立刻又转折不好了。同样“赏心乐事谁家院”,“赏心乐事”,“谁家院”——在谁家的院子里发生呢?反正不是在我家。上半句好,下半句立刻转折。这两话化自谢灵运语“天下良辰美景赏心乐事,四者难并”。如此鲜明的转折和对比,表达杜丽娘面对美景,内心却是那么哀怨悲凉。

“朝飞暮卷,云霞翠轩,雨丝风片,烟波画船”,都是美好景物的描绘。“朝飞暮卷”,“朝”是早晨“暮”是晚上,指云彩在早晨飞舞在晚上卷起;“云霞翠轩”,云彩和霞光照耀着翠绿的屋檐敞轩;“雨丝风片”,雨如丝风如片;“烟波画船”,那画舫都掩映在弥散的烟雾和粼粼的波光里。十六个字,一个字是一首歌,一个字是一幅画,现代汉语的解释会将其意境割碎破坏殆尽,此间的美之极致的境界,只可意会不可言传,佛曰:“不可说,不可说。”

而如此传神之美,却接了一句“锦屏人忒看的这韶光贱。”这句中“忒”唱“te2”,“的”唱“di4”。“忒”是句方言,在北京话中念“tei1”,是特别的意思。锦屏人指“我”,指杜丽娘自己。越是那么美的景儿,像织锦的屏风中一样美的人,像画中人一般美的“我”,却觉得这光阴如此的下贱!这又是为什么?伤春!一个情窦初开的十六岁少女,没有爱情,再美的景色也不美了。 

【好姐姐】一曲是【皂罗袍】的补充与细分。【皂罗袍】是杜丽娘与春香合唱,【好姐姐】是杜丽娘独唱,春香有几句夹白,更是杜丽娘的独抒胸意。“遍青山啼红了杜鹃”,杜鹃鸟即布谷鸟,它的嘴和舌头是红色的,令人误以为在流血,故古人有杜鹃啼血的说法。《红楼梦》中林黛玉作《葬花吟》有“杜鹃啼血正黄昏”一句,即沿用《牡丹亭》中的意境。“那荼蘼外烟丝醉软”,荼蘼绿叶白花,花小而碎如流苏,荼蘼架子如烟雨般飘逸。 “那牡丹虽好,他春归怎占的先”,牡丹四五月份开,并不在春天抢占先机,“我”如牡丹般美丽而不最先抢眼。“闲凝眄生生燕语明如剪,听呖呖莺声溜的圆”,闲来时凝视,燕子叫得明快如剪刀,黄莺的歌唱婉转圆润。 

——导读人:侯磊(青年作家,昆曲曲友)

四季轮回,又是一年春来到。阳光温暖、柔和,空气中散发着泥土的芬芳。经历过了上一轮的寒冬,如今人们脱去厚厚的衣裳,仿佛蝴蝶破蛹而出,身体轻盈而舒适。春光有着融化一颗被冻僵之心的力量。春色如此令人沉醉,爱情的萌芽也在这样的季节中悄悄翕动。春天,唤醒了人们对于生活的渴望。

《牡丹亭》里的杜丽娘,生于官宦之家,本应日后过着相夫教子,三从四德的人生。可偏偏这春色太美好,与其说是在婢女的引诱下,倒不如说是在春天的引诱下,杜丽娘内心深处那一丝渴求爱情的种子萌了芽。她走出了闺房,走进花园,与梦中情郎幽会牡丹亭畔,也从此改变了自己的人生。

这便是宿命。正如同十岁的白先勇遇到了《牡丹亭》,亦是一种宿命。在《春天读诗·4》的镜头中,白先勇回顾了自己与《牡丹亭》的因缘际会。那是抗战刚刚胜利时,尚还年幼的他来到上海,去看梅兰芳与俞振飞演出的《游园惊梦》。那时白先勇不懂昆曲,本是冲着去看梅先生,却被音乐与唱腔打动,进入灵魂深处,再也无法忘却。就像佛家所言,一旦起心动念,也就有了因果。

是啊,昆曲成为了白先勇一生的挚爱:“对我来说,《牡丹亭》跟我不只是半生缘,而是一生缘份。”。从少年时在民国余晖的上海第一次听到梅兰芳的杜丽娘,到青年时遥望故土写下小说《游园惊梦》,再到年近古稀殚精竭虑打造青春版《牡丹亭》,流传300年的梨园雅部已化为他的血脉,斩割不断。“昆曲其实是以最美的形式,表现中国人最深刻的感情。它又不受时间限制,穿越时空。”

“原来姹紫嫣红开遍,似这般都付与断井颓垣”,苏州的园林里,年轻演员操起水磨腔,眉眼生春,想必这恰是在海峡彼岸念起“良辰美景奈何天,赏心乐事谁家院”的白先勇最想看到的昆曲复兴之希望,也是他最想献给汤显祖的礼物吧。

春天的爱情让人难忘,也令人神伤。因此有人说,春天是最残忍的季节。杜丽娘在满园春光中却看到了一片破败景象,不禁感叹“良辰美景奈何天,伤心乐事谁家院。”时间多么令人无可奈何,为何心中有这许多的哀怨与悲凉?或许这就是爱情——令人心驰神往,又使人肝肠寸断。

然而,古今多少痴情男女,如飞蛾扑火,依然追寻着心中最美好的爱情。当白先勇在台大的校园里深情诵读昆曲中的唱词;当演员在苏州的园林里翩翩起舞,重现当年此情此景。我们会看到,即使相隔了万重时空,经典的魅力仍旧不减,爱情也依旧在这动人的春季,诉说着一代代人的故事。

《春天读诗·4》简介

凤凰文化延续承接前三季《春天读诗》的美好与感动,历时79天、穿越5600余公里、横跨5地、大陆与台湾两地摄制团队联手,倾力打造《春天读诗•4》,在万物生长的灿烂之中,踏上一段温暖和百感交集的旅程。这一季我们暂别诗人,以“跨界”为形式、“致敬”为主题,邀请不同身份的嘉宾,分别向世界经典诗人致敬——

民谣歌手钟立风致敬中国诗人张枣、演员袁泉致敬俄罗斯诗人茨维塔耶娃、学者李银河致敬中国作家王小波、作家白先勇致敬中国文学家汤显祖、演员任素汐致敬俄国诗人普希金、艺术家向京致敬波兰诗人辛波丝卡、作家许知远致敬波兰诗人米沃什、民歌艺术家胡德夫致敬美国民谣艺术家鲍勃•迪伦。

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责任编辑:游海洪 PN135

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